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Corrections (Erratum, Corrigendum, Addendum) shall be published in the following issue or as soon as the publisher and author agree to the suggested modifications, whichever comes first, if a mistake is found in an article after publication. Only when a serious error, such as factually incorrect published material, is discovered in the work will the revisions be released. Small adjustments, such as typographical and grammatical errors, that do not materially alter the paper’s meaning or relevance will not be published.
Errata are published when errors are introduced or missed during the editing or production of an article, such as significant typographical errors, mistakes with the numbers or legends on figures or tables, proof corrections that were submitted but not incorporated during the editing process, or inaccurate information in the author’s address or email.
When flaws are found by the authors after the work has been published that threaten the validity of the scientific content, its correctness, and its reproducibility, corrigenda are reported.
If the writers accidentally left out any important material while submitting the manuscript and decide to add this information to the article after it has been published, addenda are published. Peer review will be conducted on any addendum material before it is accepted by the editor.
Authors and editors have the option to withdraw their articles. Until it is published online in its final form, the work can be withdrawn at any time. Before an article can be withdrawn, the editor must receive a signed statement from the authors requesting the withdrawal of the article along with appropriate reason. An editor will remove an article if it is found to violate the journal’s ethical publishing standards, such as multiple submissions, plagiarism, misuse of data, or misrepresentation of authorship.
A retraction is published in the event that the conclusion of an article is found to be based on inference or miscalculation using new information available after the paper was published; material based on fabricated or falsified data; data has been published with plagiarism; or have duplicate content. Before an article can be withdrawn, the journal will need to obtain a signed statement from the authors. The withdrawal notice will have the words “Partial Withdrawal” or “Partial Withdrawal” in case of a partial withdrawal.
It is possible for an article to be removed from the journal under certain cases. This may occur if any legal issues arise or are anticipated to arise in relation to the article, the distribution of the article is halted by a court order, the article’s contents could seriously endanger others’ health if they acted upon them, the article violates the copyright of others, or the article is found to be defamatory or to have violated the legal rights of others.
The authors of the original article may desire to withdraw it and replace it with a revised version if it is discovered that the information in the article is erroneous or inaccurate and might seriously endanger the health of others.